India (Bengal Presidency): Shah Alam (II) – 1172 – 1220 AH(1759 – 1806 AD) – 1 Pice 1210 AH (1796 AD) KM # 53
October 8, 2011 5 Comments
India (Bengal Presidency): A Brief History
East India Company
In 1633 a group of 8 Englishmen obtained a permit to trade in Bengal from the Nawab of Orissa. Shortly thereafter trading factories were established at Balasore and Hariharpur. Although greater trading privileges were granted to the East India Company by the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1634, by 1642 the 2 original factories were abandoned. In 1651, through an English surgeon named Broughton, a permit was acquired to trade at Bengal. Hugli was the first location, followed by Kasimbazar, Balasore and Patna (the last 3 in 1653). Calcutta became of increasing importance in this area and on December 20, 1699 Calcutta was declared a presidency and renamed Fort William.
During these times there were many conflicts with the Nawab, both diplomatic and military, and the ultimate outcome was the intervention of Clive and the restoration of Calcutta as an important trading center. During the earlier trading times in Bengal most of the monies used were imported rupees from the Madras factory. These were primarily of the Arcot type. After Clive’s victory one of the concessions in the peace treaty was the right to make Mughal type coinage. The Nawab gave specific details as to what form the coinage should take.
In 1765 Emperor Shah Alam gave the East India Company possessions in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar. This made the company nominally responsible only to the Emperor. In 1777 the “Frozen Year 19” (of Shah Alam) rupees were made at Calcutta and were continued until 1835. The Arcot rupees were discontinued at Calcutta about 1777.  SCWC 1701-1800
Shah Alam (II)
Reign: 1172 – 1220 AH(1759 – 1806 AD)
The coin pictured above is a is a 1 Pice from the era of Shah Alam (II), one of the last rulers of the Mughal Dynasty.
- 3 Pies = 1 Pice (Paisa)
Obverse: Persian inscription: “Shah Alam Badshah Julus (Regnal Year) 37”
Reverse: Coin denomination in Persian, Hindi and Bengali.
Date: 1172/37 AH – 1210 AH (1796 AD)