Ottoman Empire (Egypt): Abdul Aziz – 1277 – 1293 AH (1861 – 1876 AD) – 20 Para 1277/9 AD (1868 AD) KM # 246
October 7, 2011 Leave a comment
Ottoman Empire (Egypt): A Brief History
The Arab Republic of Egypt, located on the northeastern corner of Africa, has an area of 385,229 sq. mi. (1,1001,450 sq. km.).
Capital: Cairo. Although Egypt is an almost rainless expanse of desert, its economy is predominantly agricultural. Cotton, rice and petroleum are exported. Other main sources of income are revenues from the Suez Canal, remittances of Egyptian workers abroad and tourism. Egyptian history dates back to about 3000 B.C. when the empire was established by uniting the upper and lower kingdoms.
Following its ‘Golden Age’ (16th to 13th centuries B.C.), Egypt was conquered by Persia (525 B.C.) and Alexander the Great (332 B.C.). The Ptolemies, descended from one of Alexander’s generals, ruled until the suicide of Cleopatra (30 B.C.) when Egypt became the private domain of the Roman emperor, and subsequently part of the Byzantine world. Various Muslim dynasties ruled Egypt from 641 on, including Ayyubid Sultans to 1250 and Mamluks to 1517, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks, interrupted by the occupation of Napoleon (1798-1801).
A semi-independent dynasty was founded by Muhammad Ali in 1805 which lasted until 1952. Turkish rule became increasingly casual, permitting Great Britain to inject its influence by purchasing shares in the Suez Canal. British troops occupied Egypt in 1882, becoming the de facto rulers. On Dec. 14, 1914, Egypt was made a protectorate of Britain. British occupation ended on Feb. 28, 1922, when Egypt became a sovereign, independent kingdom. The monarchy was abolished and a republic proclaimed on June 18, 1953.  SCWC 1801-1900
Reign: 1277 – 1293 AH (1861 – 1876 AD)
The coin pictured above is a is a 20 Para from the era of Sultan Abdul Aziz, the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
- 40 Paras = 1 Qirsh (Piastre) (1885-1916)
- 10 Ushr-al-Qirsh = 1 Piastre
Obverse: The obverse bears the Toughra (the signature of the Sultan) along with the coin denomination below “20 Para”. A flower towards the right of the Toughra indicates the coin is from the Cairo mint.
Reverse: Accession date: 1277AH, Regnal Year 9, “Duriba fi Misr” Translated: “Struck in Egypt”
Mint: Cairo, Egypt
Date: 1277/9 AH (1868 AD) (rev.)