India (Gwalior): Madho Rao – 1943 – 1982 VS (1886 – 1925 AD) – 1/4 Anna 1953 VS (1896 AD) KM # 169

India (Gwalior): Madho Rao  - 1943 - 1982 VS (1886 - 1925 AD) - 1/4 Anna 1953 VS (1896 AD) (obv.)

India (Gwalior): Madho Rao - 1943 - 1982 VS (1886 - 1925 AD) - 1/4 Anna 1953 VS (1896 AD) (obv.)

India (Gwalior): Madho Rao  - 1943 - 1982 VS (1886 - 1925 AD) - 1/4 Anna 1953 VS (1896 AD) (rev.)

India (Gwalior): Madho Rao - 1943 - 1982 VS (1886 - 1925 AD) - 1/4 Anna 1953 VS (1896 AD) (rev.)

Gwalior: A brief History

State located in central India. Capital originally was Ujjain (Dar-ul-fath), but was later transferred to Gwalior in 1810. The Gwalior ruling family, the Sindhias, were descendants of the Maratha chief Ranoji Sindhia (d.1750). His youngest son, Mahadji Sindhia (d.1794) was anxious to establish his independence from the overlordship of the Peshwas of Poona. Unable to achieve this alone, it was the Peshwa’s crushing defeat by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Panipat in 1761, which helped realize his ambitions. Largely in the interests of sustaining this autonomy, but partly as a result of a defeat at East India Company hands in 1781, Mahadji concluded an alliance with the British in 1782. In 1785, he reinstalled the fallen Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam, on the throne at Dehli. Very early in the 19th century, Gwalior’s relationship with the British began to deteriorate, a situation which culminated in the Anglo-Maratha War of 1803. Gwalior’s forces under Daulat Rao were defeated. In consequence, and by the terms of the peace treaty which followed, his territory was truncated. In 1818, Gwalior suffered a further loss of land at British hands. In the years that ensued, as the East India Company’s possessions became transformed into empire and as the Pax Britannica swept across the subcontinent, the Sindhia family’s relationship with their British overlords steadily improved.  [1] SCWC – 1901-2000

Madho Rao Sindhia

Reign: 1943 – 1982 VS (1886 – 1925 AD)

Description:

The coin pictured above is a 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) from the era of Madho Rao Sindhia of (Gwalior) India.

Obverse: Cobra above crossed spear and trident, (Nagari legend): “Srhi Madho Rao Maharaja Sindhia * Alijah Bahadur*”

Reverse:  “Gwalior / Pau Anna /Samat 1953“.

Mint: Gwalior (rev.)

Date: 1953 VS (1896 AD) (rev.)

Mintage: –

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Hindu Religious Token – Ramatanka

Hindu Religious Token - Ramatanka (Obverse)

Hindu Religious Token - Ramatanka (Obverse)

Hindu Religious Token - Ramatanka (Reverse)

Hindu Religious Token - Ramatanka (Reverse)

Pictured above is a Hindu religious token, also called a Ramatanka. This particular one shows a Darbaar scene (obverse) with Hindu diety Rama (considered the seventh avatar of Vishnu) seated on his throne along with his wife Sita. On the left, a devotee seems to be holding an umbrella/shade; whereas on the right, Kusha and Lava (the twin sons of Rama & Sita) are standing. Hanuman, another Hindu diety who is an ardent devotee of Rama is pictured kneeling before Rama & Sita.

The (reverse) side shows Rama (holding a trident) along with his brother Lakshmana (holding a bow). The inscription around the two in Devanagri says “Rama Ladaman Jaka Jabala Hanama” translated: “Rama and Lakshmana and Sita and Hanuman”.

Sikh – Guru Nanak Religious Token (Mool Mantra)

Sikh - Guru Nanak Religious Token (Mool Mantra) (obv.)

Sikh - Guru Nanak Religious Token (Mool Mantra) (obv.)

Sikh - Guru Nanak Religious Token (Mool Mantra) (rev.)

Sikh - Guru Nanak Religious Token (Mool Mantra) (rev.)

This a Sikh religious token, showing on the obverse Guru Nanak, nimbate, seated on an asana (carpet) under a tree with two companions: Mardana, a Muslim musician playing a rebab, and Bala Sindhu, a Hindu, who holds a chowri (fly whisk).
Inscription in Gurmukhi below: Guru Nanakji


Reverse shows the Mool Mantra in Gurmukhi and below an additional inscription in Persian script claming that Raja Darya Mal Devi Dayal of Chowk Darbar (Amritsar) had this token made in Austria (ASTARIA) (Raja Darya Mal Devi Dayal Chowk Darbar Arth/ Astaria me bana)
The 7 line text of the Mool Mantra in Gurmukhi reads:
1 Omkar / Sat nam, Karta Purakh / Nir bhau, nir ver, Akal / murat, Ajuni Sai bhang Gur / parsad, Jap, adi sa ch, jugad sach, hai bhi sa/ch, Nanak, hosi bhi sach.

Translation:

There is but one God, True is His name, creative His personality and immortal His form. He is without fear, without enmity, unborn and self illuminated. By the Guru’s grace, He is obtained. Embrace His meditation. True in prime, true in the beginning of ages, true. He is true even now and true He verily shall be, O Nanak.

*Thanks to my friends from World of Coins for providing me with the description.

Iran: Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar (Qachar) – 1327 – 1344 AH (1909 – 1925 AD) – 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) 1328 AH (1910 AD) KM # 1040

Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar - 1327 - 1344 AH (1909 - 1925 AD) - 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) 1328 AH (1910 AD) (obv.)

Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar - 1327 - 1344 AH (1909 - 1925 AD) - 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) 1328 AH (1910 AD) (obv.)

Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar - 1327 - 1344 AH (1909 - 1925 AD) - 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) 1328 AH (1910 AD) (rev.)

Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar - 1327 - 1344 AH (1909 - 1925 AD) - 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) 1328 AH (1910 AD) (rev.)

Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar

Reign: 1327 – 1344 AH (1909 – 1925 AD)

Description:

The coin pictured above is a 2 Kran (2000 Dinars) from the era of Sultan Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last “Shah of Iran” of the Qajar Dynasty.

Obverse: Legend within circle and crowned wreath. Obv. Leg: “Sultan Ahmad Al Sultan Shah Qajar”

Reverse: Radiant lion holding sword within crowned wreath (Coat of Arms of the Qajar Dynasty)

Mint: Tehran (obv. below wreath)

Date: 1328 AH (1910 AD) (rev. below wreath)

Mintage: 30,000,000

India (Indore): Shivaji Rao – 1943 – 1960 VS (1886 – 1903 AD) – 1/2 Anna 1944 VS (1887 AD) KM # 34.2 or 35.1

India (Indore): Shivaji Rao - 1943 - 1960 VS (1886 - 1903 AD) - 1/2 Anna 1944 VS (1887 AD) KM # 34.2 or 35.1 (obv.)

India (Indore): Shivaji Rao - 1943 - 1960 VS (1886 - 1903 AD) - 1/2 Anna 1944 VS (1887 AD) KM # 34.2 or 35.1 (obv.)

India (Indore): Shivaji Rao - 1943 - 1960 VS (1886 - 1903 AD) - 1/2 Anna 1944 VS (1887 AD) KM # 34.2 or 35.1 (rev.)

India (Indore): Shivaji Rao - 1943 - 1960 VS (1886 - 1903 AD) - 1/2 Anna 1944 VS (1887 AD) KM # 34.2 or 35.1 (rev.)

Indore: A Brief History

The Holkars were one of the three dominant Maratha powers (with the Peshwas and Sindhias), with major landholdings in Central India. Indore State originated in 1728 with a grant of land north of the Narbada river by the Maratha Peshwa of Poona to Malhar Rao Holkar, a cavalry commander in his service. After Holkar’s death (ca.1765) his daughter-in-law, Ahalya Bai, assumed the position of Queen Regent. Together with Tukoji Rao she effectively ruled the State until her death thirty years later. But it was left to Tukoji’s son, Jaswant Rao, to challenge the dominance of the Poona Marathas in the Maratha Confederacy, eventually defeating the Peshwa’s army in 1802. But at this point the fortunes of the Holkars suffered a serious reverse. Although Jaswant Rao had initially defeated a small British force under Col.  William Monson, he was badly beaten by a contingent under Lord Lake. As a result Holkar was forced to cede a considerable portion of his territory and from this time until India’s independence in 1947, the residual State of Indore was obliged to accept British protection. For more detailed data on the Indore series, see A Study of Holkar State Coinage, by P.K.Sethi, S.K. Bhatt and R. Holkar (1976). [1] SCWC – 1801-1900

Description:

The coin pictured above is a 1/2 Anna from the era of Maharaja Shivaji Rao of the Holkar Dynasty of Indore (India).

Obverse: The circular inscription on the obverse reads: Shrimat Maharaj Holkar Sarkar (Indore).

Reverse: Ahd / Anna . Sa / 194(3/4)

Mint: Indore

Date: 194(3/4) VS – 1886/7 AD

Mintage: – 

India (Gwalior): Jivaji Rao – 1985 – 2005 VS (1925 – 1948 AD) – 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) 1986 VS (1929 AD) KM # 176

India (Gwalior): Jivaji Rao - 1985 - 2005 VS (1925 - 1948 AD) - 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) 1986 VS (1929 AD) (obv.)

India (Gwalior): Jivaji Rao - 1985 - 2005 VS (1925 - 1948 AD) - 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) 1986 VS (1929 AD) (obv.)

India (Gwalior): Jivaji Rao - 1985 - 2005 VS (1925 - 1948 AD) - 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) 1986 VS (1929 AD) (rev.)

India (Gwalior): Jivaji Rao - 1985 - 2005 VS (1925 - 1948 AD) - 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) 1986 VS (1929 AD) (rev.)

Gwalior: A brief History

State located in central India. Capital originally was Ujjain (Daru-l-fath), but was later transferred to Gwalior in 1810. The Gwalior ruling family, the Sindhias, were descendants of the Maratha chief Ranoji Sindhia (d.1750). His youngest son, Mahadji Sindhia (d.1794) was anxious to establish his independence from the overlordship of the Peshwas of Poona. Unable to achieve this alone, it was the Peshwa’s crushing defeat by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Panipat in 1761, which helped realize his ambitions. Largely in the interests of sustaining this autonomy, but partly as a result of a defeat at East India Company hands in 1781, Mahadji concluded an alliance with the British in 1782. In 1785, he reinstalled the fallen Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam, on the throne at Dehli. Very early in the 19th century, Gwalior’s relationship with the British began to deteriorate, a situation which culminated in the Anglo-Maratha War of 1803. Gwalior’s forces under Daulat Rao were defeated. In consequence, and by the terms of the peace treaty which followed, his territory was truncated. In 1818, Gwalior suffered a further loss of land at British hands. In the years that ensued, as the East India Company’s possessions became transformed into empire and as the Pax Britannica swept across the subcontinent, the Sindhia family’s relationship with their British overlords steadily improved.  [1] SCWC – 1901-2000

Jivaji Rao Sindhia

Reign: 1985 – 2005 VS (1925 – 1948 AD)

Description:

The coin pictured above is a 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) from the era of Jivaji Rao Sindhia of (Gwalior) India.

Obverse: (Nagari legend): “Shri Jivaji Rao Sindhia Ali Jah Bahadur – Gwalior”

Reverse: (Urdu) Eek Paisa; (Nagari) Pau Anna – Samat 1986.

Mint: Gwalior (obv.)

Date: 1986 VS (1929AD) (rev.)

Mintage: –

Jalal ud Din Muhammad Akbar, Rupee, Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint, ND, KM#82.9


Jalal ud Din Muhammad Akbar, Rupee, Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint

Jalal ud Din Muhammad Akbar, Rupee, Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint

Jalal ud Din Muhammad Akbar, Rupee, Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint

Jalal ud Din Muhammad Akbar, Rupee, Urdu Zafar Qarin Mint


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