September 25, 2011 Leave a comment
Gwalior: A brief History
State located in central India. Capital originally was Ujjain (Dar-ul-fath), but was later transferred to Gwalior in 1810. The Gwalior ruling family, the Sindhias, were descendants of the Maratha chief Ranoji Sindhia (d.1750). His youngest son, Mahadji Sindhia (d.1794) was anxious to establish his independence from the overlordship of the Peshwas of Poona. Unable to achieve this alone, it was the Peshwa’s crushing defeat by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Panipat in 1761, which helped realize his ambitions. Largely in the interests of sustaining this autonomy, but partly as a result of a defeat at East India Company hands in 1781, Mahadji concluded an alliance with the British in 1782. In 1785, he reinstalled the fallen Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam, on the throne at Dehli. Very early in the 19th century, Gwalior’s relationship with the British began to deteriorate, a situation which culminated in the Anglo-Maratha War of 1803. Gwalior’s forces under Daulat Rao were defeated. In consequence, and by the terms of the peace treaty which followed, his territory was truncated. In 1818, Gwalior suffered a further loss of land at British hands. In the years that ensued, as the East India Company’s possessions became transformed into empire and as the Pax Britannica swept across the subcontinent, the Sindhia family’s relationship with their British overlords steadily improved.  SCWC – 1901-2000
Madho Rao Sindhia
Reign: 1943 – 1982 VS (1886 – 1925 AD)
The coin pictured above is a 1/4 Anna (1 Paisa) from the era of Madho Rao Sindhia of (Gwalior) India.
Obverse: Cobra above crossed spear and trident, (Nagari legend): “Srhi Madho Rao Maharaja Sindhia * Alijah Bahadur*”
Reverse: “Gwalior / Pau Anna /Samat 1953“.
Mint: Gwalior (rev.)
Date: 1953 VS (1896 AD) (rev.)